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Care And Management. Dictionaries, Poetry And History. Dressage, Classical Riding and Equitation.

Kottas on Dressage by Arthur Kottas-Heldenberg

Driving And Carriages. Essential Equine Studies by Julie Brega. Horse Photography. Horse Sports And Activities. Intelligent Horsemanship.

Pony Club Books. Psychology For Horse And Rider.


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Riding And Training. Saddlery And Harness.

Show Jumping. The Belasik Trilogy. A number of commonly encountered problems are analysed, and remedies offered. Underpinning the whole text is the author s fundamental stance on horses and training: I always see the horse as a partner. He must be trained slowly and patiently.

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The following ISBNs are associated with this title:. ISBN - Look for similar items by category:. Kottas on Dressage. When using the whip, the whole arm should be relaxed, but only the hand and wrist should be used to swing the whip. We work the horse in-hand to introduce and improve collection — a process which will ultimately work towards piaffe and passage. The horse can learn to collect more easily without the weight of a rider on his back, and the trainer can explain the principles of passage and piaffe more easily from the ground than from the saddle.

Before starting work in-hand the horse must be taught to understand the half-halt given from the cavesson.


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This can be done alone or with two people. We begin by asking the horse to walk forward, the trainer encouraging him to do so by using the whip gently at hock level.

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These half-halts should be soft — as with riding, a heavy and strong rein aid will result in a heavy and strong response from the horse. This is the first step. The horse begins to understand that he must move forward in a nice round shape, then halt and wait quietly, keeping his rounded outline. Walking on and stopping with a soft half-halt should be practise repeatedly until you are confident that the horse has understood and is happy and relaxed with the procedure.

To familiarize the horse with the whip used for in-hand work he can be stroked gently on the neck and quarters until he accepts the touch of the whip quite happily.


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  6. The whip will be used either to send the horse forward or to ask him to lift his legs. We can then continue by asking him to pick up a leg by touching the hind legs right and left alternately, just below the hock, and rewarding him each time he responds. When he has understood and is happy to lift the leg at halt we can ask him to walk on and, by touching each leg as he moves, encourage him to lift the leg a little more and bring it underneath his body.

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    This will result in a more active and collected walk. A halt that is not square can be corrected by asking the trailing hind leg to move by a tap from the whip. The next stage is to work the horse with two lunge reins. The additional lunge rein is attached to the outside ring of the cavesson or the bit ring, runs over the neck at the withers and is held by the trainer. The trainer walks to the side of the horse, just behind the quarters, carrying the whip — which is used as mentioned earlier.

    Half-halts are given by the trainer with the lunge rein which runs over the withers, but the assistant is there to help support the half-halts if necessary. Trainer and assistant must work closely together during this procedure, and eventually all three participants should unite as one team.

    The horse should once again be asked to walk on and halt squarely, with the trainer using both the whip and the lunge rein. When the horse has fully understood the half-halt and is happy to lift a leg when touched by the whip, he is ready to learn how to collect. He is asked to walk on, and the trainer taps the legs to ask him to move them more quickly.

    The horse should begin to lift the legs, engage them under his body and eventually pick up a few steps of diagonal movement. When this happens, stop and reward him — and then repeat.

    Arthur Kottas

    Once this work is established, you can begin to work with the horse alone, using only the lunge rein attached to front of the cavesson.